My lemon, my lemon tree

And have you ever thought about planting a lemon peel in your house? Do you know how to take care? How about learning?

Tree small, the lemon tree varies greatly types: Haiti, Galician, cloves, Sicilian … But in general, the foot is not even over five meters high, unless you are squeezed between walls, larger roofs or trees. It has a strong need for light and its root system ( roots ) is delicate and sensitive, so the soil should be light, free of waste, well-drained and fairly rich in phosphate and nitrogen.

At the time of planting a lemon tree, the idea is to make a mixture with four equal parts. In a circular pit half a meter radius, lay brown earth, well-tanned cattle manure, humus, and sand. You find it all in a good garden store!

If you have planted a seed and it is growing rapidly, the first step in securing your future is to make sure the lemon tree has a strong, well-oriented place to grow.

Once planted and tended with a good stem, to help keep your seedling plumb, cover the projection area of ​​your canopy with straw, pine bark or chopped coconut and observe a minimum distance of seven meters from any other tree.

A pruning structure

It is required when a small plant is already a meter and a half in height. You can do this pruning by cutting off the secondary branches from the first fork so that your trunk will strengthen ( thicken ) and take the form of a patterned seedling, ie a small tree with the main fork from which the other branches should come out. we can call them adjacent, thus avoiding the appearance of straight branches in the central area of ​​the crown. This measure is important so that in the future the lemon tree can expand as open as possible because the light entering the tree will directly influence its health and fruit production. Well-distributed branches and clean branches even help to harvest access.

The lemon tree likes to be in full sun and has room to bend its fruiting branches and receive the bees that pollinate their flowers.

When your tree is seven years old, it will begin to bear fruit, and before that, it will be slow and gradual. But if you buy a seedling already formed (grafted) in four years or less, fruiting will begin.

Harvesting takes place all year round and therefore the lemon tree needs to be constantly fertilized. The ideal is four times a year, especially if the rainfall regime is very intense where you live.

Use good quality, well-liked manure. At the time of planting and fertilizing, observe the right measure well. No need to put too much. Better to err for less than to exaggerate. The recommended one is a four-inch hoop in the ground around the projection of your canopy, being careful not to dig too deep and damage the roots. Pile a fluffier layer of dirt around it, well covered with dry leaves or straw to keep it moist. This is very good to prevent excess rain from taking away nutrients and soil from drying out from excess heat.

If you live in a region of harsh winters or prolonged droughts, frost and dry spells can damage your lemongrass, leaving some parts dry. If this occurs, you can dry the branches whenever necessary and if possible, cover your lemon tree on frosty nights with banana or palm leaves to avoid burning the branches.

Lemon trees can be grown in pots, greenhouses and balconies, as long as the soil is well prepared and the nutrients are always incorporated into the soil, however, in greenhouse cultivated plants flower pollination may need reinforcement as access to Bees will be more restricted. To aid in pollination, use a brush to collect pollen from male flowers (those with the most stamens) and transport to female flowers (those with the largest pistil in the centre).

Lemon feet need constant watering, but they don’t like soggy soils. As for temperatures, they prefer between 7ºC and 34ºC, so a beautiful squirting at the end of a very hot afternoon, in addition to refreshing its leaves and dusting them, also helps remove any pests such as mealybugs, flies and bed bugs.

We can live without many things, many fruits in life, but without the lemon, one cannot live. The primary source of vitamin C to fight the flu and cleanse the body, the lemon is delicious and beautiful. Its flower has an unparalleled scent and its leaves too. In the voyages of the discoverers of America, the lemon was taken in ships to prevent the scurvy.

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